10 Early Symptoms of Dementia You Should Know

10 Early Symptoms of Dementia

Dementia is a collection of symptoms that can occur due to any one of a number of possible diseases. Dementia symptoms include cognitive impairment, i.e., interruption of thought processes, difficulties with communication, and ability to recollect. If you or your loved one is experiencing memory problems, it is inappropriate to immediately jump to the conclusion that dementia is the underlying culprit. A dementia diagnosis requires a person needs to have at least two types of impairment that significantly interfere with everyday life to receive a dementia diagnosis. Subtle short term memory changes or trouble with memory can be an early symptom of dementia. The changes are often subtle and tend to involve short-term memory. An older person may be able to remember events that took place years ago but not what they had for breakfast.

Other symptoms of changes in short-term memory include forgetting where they left an item, struggling to remember why they entered a particular room, or forgetting what they were supposed to do on any given day. Difficulty finding the right words Another early symptom of dementia is struggling to communicate thoughts. A person with dementia may have difficulty explaining something or finding the right words to express themselves. Having a conversation with a person who has dementia can be difficult, and it may take longer than usual to conclude.

    Changes in Mood

A change in mood is also common with dementia. If you have dementia, it isn’t always easy to recognize this in yourself, but you may notice this change in someone else. Depression, for instance, is typical of early dementia. Along with mood changes, you might also see a shift in personality. One typical type of personality change seen with dementia is a shift from being shy to outgoing.

This is because the condition often affects judgment.


Apathy, or listlessness, commonly occurs in early dementia. A person with symptoms could lose interest in hobbies or activities. They may not want to go out anymore or do anything fun. They may lose interest in spending time with friends and family, and they may seem emotionally flat.

    Difficulty Completing Normal Tasks

A subtle shift in the ability to complete normal tasks may indicate that someone has early dementia. This usually starts with difficulty doing more complex tasks like balancing a checkbook or playing games that have a lot of rules. Along with the struggle to complete familiar tasks, they may struggle to learn how to do new things or follow new routines.


Someone in the early stages of dementia frequently becomes confused. When memory, thinking, or judgment lapses, occur, confusion may also arise as the person can no longer remember faces, find the right words, or interact with others normally. Confusion occurs for a number of reasons and applies to different situations. For example, the person may misplace their car keys, forget what comes next in the day, or have difficulty remembering someone they’ve met before.

    Difficulty Following Storylines

Difficulty following storylines is a classic indicator of early dementia. Just as finding and using the right words becomes difficult, people with dementia sometimes forget the meanings of words they hear or struggle to follow along with conversations or TV programs.

    A Failing Sense of Direction

Dementia onset commonly brings with it the deterioration of the sense of direction and spatial orientation.

This can mean not recognizing once-familiar landmarks and forgetting regularly used directions. It also becomes more difficult to follow a series of directions and step-by-step instructions.


Repetition is common in dementia because of memory loss and general behavioral changes. The person may repeat daily tasks, such as shaving, or they may collect items obsessively. They also may repeat the same questions in a conversation after they’ve been answered.

    Difficulties adapting to change

For someone in the early stages of dementia, the experience can cause fear. Suddenly, they can’t remember people they know or follow what others are saying. They can’t remember why they went to the store, and they get lost on the way home. Because of this, they might crave routine and be afraid to try new experiences. Difficulty adapting to change is also a typical symptom of early dementia.

If you know someone dealing with these indications and want to know how to plan for the inevitable consequences of dementia, use the scheduling robot to set up an appointment to discuss planning options in confidence.

As found on Youtube

Georgia Assembly Passes DAPT Legislation–Sends to Governor

The Georgia Assembly passes HB 441/AP which would allow the creation of Domestic Asset Protection Trusts (“DAPT”) in state. Georgia has long allowed traditional spendthrift trusts so long as such weren’t self-settled. A DAPT allows a self-settled spendthrift trust. Most states enacting DAPT laws have done so with the intent of encouraging assets to flow into the state’s trust companies. However, at least one opponent of DAPTs has opined that this DAPT law will have the exact opposite effect under Georgia’s legislation. Here’s what HB 441 would and would not do:
1. Allow spouses, parents, lineal descendants of the settlor, employer, any business entity in which the holdings of the settlor represent at least 30% of the total voting power of all interests entitled to vote, or siblings, to serve as an “independent qualified trustee”;
2. Requires at least one beneficiary other than the settlor to whom income and principal may be distributed as a “qualified interest”;
3. A “qualified interest” means that interest of the settlor of the self-settled DAPT to which such settlor is entitled to receive as a distribution of principal or income in the discretion of one or more independent qualified trustee”;
4. Would not protect from creditors of the settlor the following obligations:
a. Alimony or child support;
b. Taxes or other governmental obligations;
c. Tort judgments;
d. Judgments or orders for restitution as a result of a criminal conviction of the beneficiary; or
e. Judgments for necessaries;
f. Financial institutions to the extent that assets of the DAPT were reported to such institution as
belonging to the settlor for the purposes of obtaining or extending credit from such institution.

As we can clearly see, the exceptions may indeed swallow the whole. So, if the legislative intent was to encourage creation of DAPTs in Georgia, the exact opposite may occur: parties desiring to create such trusts may be well-advised to do so in another jurisdiction such as Nevada or Delaware and move their assets to such jurisdictions to actually obtain any such protection from creditors. NOTE: Georgia’s governor has not signed this bill into law as of the date of this writing.

So, what’s a person desiring to engage in lawful estate planning to do? Fear not, WRNicholsLaw has solutions that will accommodate both Georgia law and the desires of those persons. While nothing is fool-proof, our designs are created to comport with longstanding Georgia law and allow you to keep the assets in question invested in Georgia. If you don’t have an estate plan, Book an Appointment by clicking on the widget and schedule a time to speak with us about your planning–you’ll love doing business with WRNicholsLaw!

Romance in the Nursing Home

A perfect storm has developed on the elder care forefront that is comprised of sexual desire, dementia, and nursing home liability. The last sensation to deteriorate as a person reaches the end of life is that of touch. And, the desire for physical contact of whatever sort–whether it be sexual or otherwise, is merely a natural consequence of the human condition.

There has been an uptick in the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases among nursing home residents. Those patients desiring sexual contact can become predatory. The diagnosis of dementia raises the issue of whether that patient has the capacity to consent to sexual activity. Further, dementia can lead to a loss of impulse control.

While many facilities are just ignoring these issues, at least one facility, the Hebrew Home at Riverdale, NY, has published articles about their early adoption of a policy regarding sexual conduct among their residents.

If your family has questions or concerns about paying for the high cost of longevity, contact us via email, facebook, twitter, LinkedIn, or phone.
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